Style Guide for Documentation

File Layout

The documentation of an executable module comes as a pair of source files:

  • A description XML file (.xml) giving command details, command-line and configuration parameters,

  • A documentation reST text file (.rst) gives a more-detailed module description and examples.

Any other documentation, e.g. this style guide, tutorials, etc. only require the documentation reST text file.

The reST text file should follow the guidelines in this style guide.

The Contributing Documentation section details the documentation requirements for executables including the structure of description XML files.

Documentation Syntax

A template for a typical application or module in reST is in doc/templates/app.rst. An introductory paragraph should describe the purpose of the executable. The introduction is followed be any additional information needed to understand the command, introduced with one or more headings. Add information about testing and examples into their own sections.

General principles

  • If possible, keep line lengths under 80 characters.

  • It eases later editing if sentences in the raw RST start on a new line, even though they will flow together in the finished document.

  • It is helpful if long text objects such as HTML link text each appear on their own line.

Section and headings

Module description files do not require top-level headings, as the build script will take this text and assemble it with other description information in the appropriate part of the documentation.

While RST doesn’t care too much about what syntax is used for headings, it is best to stick to one style consistently. Thus, you will generally need only two levels of headings but you can add more.

Level

Mark up beneath heading text

1

‘ ==== ‘

2

” —- “

3

‘ ~~~~ ‘

4

‘ ^^^^ ‘

Use Title Case for headings within a section, and make only the first letter uppercase for subheadings. Higher levels, marked up with asterisks, are used for sections of the documentation.

Example:

Level 1 Title
=============

Some text.


Level 2 title
-------------

Some text

Parts such as Examples are marked in bold.

However notes and figures should use the appropriate RST directive, and don’t require their own headings.

  • One blank line below headings is enough.

  • Two lines above are often used, and this looks better than one.

Lists

Use numbered or unnumbered lists at several levels.

  • Start list items at the first level with a capital letter. End them with a full stop.

  • Use lower-case letters for all other levels. End them with a full stop.

#. Item 1.
#. Item 2.
   * subitem 1.
     #. subsubitem 1.
     #. subsubitem 1.
   * subitem 2.

Result:

  1. Item 1.

  2. Item 2.

    • subitem 1.

      1. subsubitem 1.

      2. subsubitem 2.

    • subitem 2.

Other markup tools and conventions

  • Code fragments: Use the reST code-block syntax for code fragments, with flavor “c”, “python”, “sh” or “xml” as appropriate:

    .. code-block:: sh
    
       #!/bin/bash
       echo $SEISCOMP_ROOT
    

    Result:

    #!/bin/bash
    echo $SEISCOMP_ROOT
    
  • Configuration parameters: Configuration values and options have a special syntax. Use the :confval: tag within the module configuration:

    :confval:`foo`
    

    Using this tag allows a link to be made within the documentation to that module to the given configuration or command-line parameter of the same module.

  • Configuration files: Use the reST :file: indicator to refer to files such as configuration files:

    :file:`$SEISCOMP_ROOT/etc/scautopick.cfg`
    

    Result: $SEISCOMP_ROOT/etc/scautopick.cfg

  • Programs: Use the reST :program: indicator for SeisComP programs:

    :program:`scautopick`
    

    Result: scautopick

  • References: Use the reST :ref: indicator for cross referencing SeisComP3 documentation pages. Use :ref: if a cross reference to the documentation is needed:

    :ref:`scautopick`
    

    Result: scautopick

  • Glossary: Use the reST :term: indicator for referencing terms in the SeisComP Glossary:

    :term:`magnitude`
    

    Result: magnitude

Text boxes

You may emphasize information within the text as text boxes to stand out at different levels. Make sensible use of it!

  • Hints

    .. hint::
    
       This adds a useful hint.
    

    Result:

    Hint

    This adds a useful hint.

  • Notes

    .. note::
    
       This adds an extra note.
    

    Result:

    Note

    This adds an extra note.

  • Alerts

    .. caution::
    
       This adds a heads-up alert.
    

    Result:

    Caution

    This adds a heads-up alert.

  • Warnings

    .. warning::
    
       This adds an important warning.
    

    Result:

    Warning

    This adds an important warning.

English Language

  • SeisComP (capital P), not SeisComP 3 or SC3.

  • SeisComP module names are proper nouns, even though written with lower case. Thus they do not need an article.

    • Correct: “Although scmaster receives a message”

    • Incorrect: “Although the scmaster receives a message…”

A sentence may begin with a lower case module name e.g. “scmaster has five modes…” avoiding this: “The scmaster module has…”

  • Word separation:

    • Separate words: base class, wave number, time span

    • One word: aftershock, foreshock, and mainshock too, bandpass, eigenperiod etc., metadata, standalone, username, workflow, waveform

    • Difficult: high-pass filter; command line; command-line parameter

  • Hyphenation for compound adjectives: yes, before a noun; after verb to be is harder. See the discussion 2, e.g.:

    • Use command-line parameters.

    • Type on the command line.

  • Spelling:

    Use American English:

    • With ‘z’: digitizer, realize, visualize, synchronize, behavior, color.

    • With ‘s’: license.

    • Center, data center.

  • Case:

  • Abbreviations:

    • e.g., i.e.

    • STA, LTA, STA/LTA detector

    • TAR file

Adding Images

Code implementation

  • Add images with fixed width.

  • Add image captions.

  • Store images in a separate directory of below the directory where the documentation is kept.

Example for an image which can be enlarge by mouse click:

.. figure::  media/image.png
   :alt: image one
   :width: 10cm
   :align: center

   Image one.

Example for images in two columns which cannot be enlarged. Up to 4 columns are possible. Compare with the concept section on configuration:

.. raw:: html

<div class="two column layout">

.. figure:: ../media/scconfig_no_bindings.png
   :alt: scconfig: bindings configurations

   scconfig modules panel indicating that no bindings can be configured.

 .. figure:: ../media/scconfig_has_bindings.png
    :alt: scconfig: no bindings configurations

    scconfig modules panel indicating that bindings can be configured.

 .. raw:: html

 </div>

Image style and format

  • Images shall be informative.

  • Images must not have any offensive or inappropriate content.

  • Use PNG format.

  • Make the important image details readable at the normal image size without enlargement.

  • Images shall be optimized for file size.

  • Images should have a frame, e.g. a window frame.

  • Avoid private information on images.

  • Do not show desktop background unless required.

  • Images from SeisComP GUIs can be screenshots.

  • Do not create screenshots from applications started remotely with X-forwarding. X-forwarding may distort the application features.